Tag Archive | heart-lung machine

Objections to wind turbine at Gerahies

FASTNET Mussels Ltd has applied to Cork County Council for permission to erect a 20 kilowatt wind turbine and also to retain a reinforced concrete base for same at Gerahies, Bantry Bay but it has been met with over 20 objections.

The application was lodged on June 14th and one of those opposed to the development, who resides in the area on the northern side of the Sheep’s Head peninsula overlooking Bantry Bay, contacted The Southern Star last week and summarised the main points of concern among objectors as follows:

1) It is a designated scenic coastal area. Such areas should be protected from the ugliness of wind towers. Sheep’s Head Peninsula is enjoyed by locals, cyclists, walkers and those who come on a scenic drive.

2) It is a Special Area of Protection due to the presence of rare birds.

3) A wind turbine would produce noise pollution which would be intolerable for those living in close proximity.

4) The shadow flicker created by the movement of the blades would be intolerable for those living nearby, and it would be intrusive to all those who can see the turbine from the hill above, even from afar, possibly, from the Beara Peninsula.

5) The close proximity of the site conflicts with industry guidelines for location near farm land and settled residential communities.

6) An explanation is needed as to why an application for retention of the concrete based was required.

The objectors further stated that the rural character of Sheep’s Head Peninsula should be preserved because its beauty played an important part in the development of a robust tourist economy.

The person who contacted this newspaper (who was unaware of the 20 fee and therefore her letter of objection couldn’t be accepted on the last date for submissions) and an objector we spoke to said they and other objectors, who they were able to contact, declined to be named but added that the names of all objectors were to be seen in the planning file.

Our reporter called to the planning department at the ground floor of County Hall and viewed the planning file which confirmed the above mentioned concerns expressed in letters of objection and observation, each submitted at a cost of 20 up to the closing date of July 18th. The submissions, which range from a single page to 24, can also be viewed in at the council’s office in Skibbereen.

While some stated that in principle, they were in favour of renewable energy, they were strongly opposed to the location in question on the basis it would have a detrimental effect to the visual amenity of an area of outstanding beauty.

It was contended the sight of wind turbine could damage tourism and overall, impact on the quality life along a scenic route (Goat’s Path) in the award winning peninsula and Bantry Bay where 21 dwellings were within 1.5 kilometres of the proposed structure.

There was also a statutory observation on file from An Taisce – the National Trust for Ireland requesting a visual impact assessment be carried out due to its extremely exposed position on the coast. It also quotes from the 2009 Cork County Development Plan: ‘Areas which, because of high landscape sensitivity, are considered generally to be unsuitable for wind energy projects.

While there may be a small number of locations within these areas with limited potential for small scale wind projects, their contribution to any significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions would be negligible.

Except on a small scale and at particularly suitable locations, wind projects would normally be discourages in these areas’

The letter, signed on behalf of An Taisce’s Built and Environment Officer Ian Lumley, added: ‘Given that there are scenic routes along this site, as designated in the county development plan, it is not considered that this location, regardless of scale, is an inappropriate location’. Click on their website scfwindturbine.com for more information.

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Overflow crowd at wind farm hearing

On Wednesday evening, Proponents and opponents of the proposed Prairie Breeze Wind Farm in northwestern Tipton County filled the auditorium of the Tipton High School.

The Tipton Board of Zoning Appeals was considering a conditional use permit requested by juwi Wind to invest $300 million to construct a 150-megawatt wind farm in Prairie and Liberty townships. The project is expected to involve 94 wind turbines.

As of Kokomo Tribune press time, the hearing was continuing. In the event that no vote is taken Wednesday, the BZA will meet tonight at 5 p.m. at the high school.

To accommodate the large crowd a video screen and audio was placed in the lobby of the auditorium.

Members of the Tipton County Citizens for Responsible Development, which is opposed to the wind farm, wore white shirts with many wearing flashing red lights. The red lights are representative of the lights placed on the top of wind turbines.

BZA members will make a decision on the requested conditional use permit based on four criteria spelled out in the Tipton County zoning ordinance.

Those criteria include: Does Prairie Breeze conform to the zoning ordinance?; Will the project support the health, safety and welfare of county residents?; Will the use and value of adjacent property be supported by the project?; and: Does the project promote the objections of the county’s comprehensive plan?

At the center of the battle between opponents and proponents of the Prairie Breeze project is the potential impact on property values in the area.

Mark Thayer, speaking for juwi Wind, said as a professor at San Diego State University he completed a study in 2009 of 24 wind farm operations in ten states.

He said the study of 7,459 single family homes found no impact on the sales price, which brought laughter from the opponents in attendance.

Thayer said studies have found living next to a toxic waste dump would lower property values by six to ten percent.

“If someone tells you being next to a wind turbine lower property values by 40 percent, you should question that,” he said.

Thayer said his study looked at the impact of proximity to wind turbines and on the scenic view.

“There is no statistical evidence that property values are impacted by turbine view,” he said. “In Tipton County there should not be a significant reduction in the sale price of property based on proximity to a wind turbine.”

Thayer said since his study in 2009 there have been several more studies that have all shown no impact on property values as a result of a wind farm.

He said two studies found an impact on property values when a project was first announced, but not after the wind farm was constructed.

Appraiser Mike McCann, representing the CRD, said Tipton County’s setbacks for the placement if a wind turbine from an adjacent property is inadequate to protect property values

He said the county ordinance requires a 1,000 foot setback and that juwi Wind is using a 1,250 foot setback.“We should be talking about miles to avoid any adverse impact,” McCann said.

A wind farm will change the character of the area from residential and rural to industrial and decreases the desirability of selling a residential property.

McCann said in Tipton County the impact will range from a decrease in value from 25 to 80 percent depending on how close the property is located to a wind turbine.

A study McCann did in Lee County, Ill. showed a decrease in property values of 25 percent within two miles of a wind farm.

He said on average it takes a year longer to sell a property near a wind turbine and the price will be at least 20 percent lower.

La Nuova Apparelmaster’s new leaf

You’re never too old to turn green, Bevan Broughton will tell you. In fact, the older you are, the more qualified you may be.

La Nuova Apparelmaster —  a family laundry firm in Taranaki, in business for five decades — embraced sustainability as part of a company transformation three years ago.

Broughton, the firm’s operations manager, recalls wondering how hard it might be to persuade staff to embrace a greener approach to the operation. Many of them are well into middle age, he says.

He wondered if they might be sceptical. “But they turned out to be the best of all,” he says. “You’re talking about a generation who grew up learning not to waste anything. They’re the ones who had bubble and squeak. They know how to use up everything and waste nothing.”

He says they eagerly took to the task of identifying ways to reduce, reuse, recycle and manage the whole operation more sustainably.

Broughton doesn’t need the camouflage of business speak. He knows what the company he works for is doing. Where other vision statements might use abstract expressions, his declares in large capital letters: Big Hairy Ass Goal — Leading the way in the laundry industry.

Laundry is a tough business, with tight margins and an endless need to find savings. Some intense business analysis led to the development of a set of audacious goals, summed up in the Big Hairy Assed one.

The result was the transformation to a forward looking, highly skilled dry cleaning business with a strong focus on sustainability and environmental care.

The environmental dimension has had a profound effect on the staff’s perspective. Broughton cites five of the staff attending a conference and learning about  the the “plastic soup” problem in the Pacific Ocean. They recounted the story at one of the firm’s 8am meetings, held standing in the middle of the production area. People were astonished to hear about it, Broughton recalls. “They were saying, ‘that’s disgusting’ — and they went home and Googled it to find out more.”

Without prompting the team resolved to find ways to reduce plastic use even more. “One area they looked at was plastic wrap on our continuous towels.They managed to come up with a New Zealand made and environmentally friendly alternative: reusable rubber bands instead of plastic.”

Another initiative: all sheets and motel linen leaves and returns in laundry bags. (The industry norm for sheets is plastic).

Where once waste (oil and tar) from the drycleaning process was sent to France for incineration, La Nuova now sends to it to a South Island company that recovers the solvent and turns the oil and tar into black salt, an ingredient in roading.

They are about to buy two machines that achieve zero waste – and having successfully encouraged their customers to embrace sustainability, they ship most garments and linens in boxes rather than plastic.

Sustainability, Broughton says, has been great for bringing down costs. “It’s built into the way we do things. I never thought we would have ever hosted sustainable business events and green drinks and have so many tours and visitors amazed at what we do.”

Man and machine opened patients’ hearts

The procedure was made possible by the newly-developed heart-lung machine, before the advent of which there was no means of cutting into the heart without killing the patient. Operations had thus been limited to procedures on the intact beating heart, for example widening the mitral valve with a dilator.

In the early 1950s Professor Ian Aird, under whom Bentall worked at the Royal Postgraduate Medical School at Hammersmith Hospital, had the idea of creating an artificial heart and lung that would operate as a bypass outside the body and take over the vital job of pumping and oxygenating the blood. With his support Denis Melrose, a lecturer (later Professor) at the school, set about designing a machine that would enable the surgeon to operate on a bloodless (though still beating) organ and repair defects such as holes in the heart. In collaboration with the medical instrument firm New Electronic Products (NEP), Melrose developed a machine which became known as the Melrose-NEP heart-lung machine.

Bentall and Cleland carried out the first operation using the machine on a human in Britain. It was a complete success; 25 years later the patient was still in good health. Within four years Bentall and his colleagues were routinely carrying out open-heart surgery on a variety of patients, and the apparatus was being introduced into other hospitals across the country and around the world.

Bentall’s first post was in general surgery under Ivor Lewis at the North Middlesex Hospital, where he assisted with the first successful pulmonary embolectomy (the surgical removal of clotted blood blocking blood circulation to the lungs) and the first anatomical correction of oesophageal atresia (a congenital defect affecting the alimentary tract) in Britain. He then became Chief Resident at the London Chest Hospital, doing thoracic surgery, until he joined the Royal Navy in 1945. He served in a naval hospital and then in Empire Clyde — the only hospital ship in the British Pacific Fleet during the war.

After demobilisation in 1947 he taught anatomy at the Charing Cross Hospital Medical School until 1950, when he joined the Royal Postgraduate Medical School at Hammersmith Hospital as chief assistant to Aird, doing general and thoracic surgery and research to develop cardiac surgery.

The development of open-heart surgery excited interest around the world, and in April 1959, with Denis Melrose, Bill Cleland and other members of the Hammersmith cardiac team, he accepted an invitation to travel to Moscow to demonstrate the new technique to Russian surgeons at the Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery in Leninsky Prospekt.

After travelling on the Soviet Ship Baltika with half a ton of equipment, the team carried out five open-heart operations, on adults and children, watched by more than 200 surgeons from across the Soviet Union. This was probably the first time that a group of foreign doctors had actually worked in the Soviet Union, and the visit was well covered in the British press, making the front page of The Daily Telegraph.

In 1962 Bentall and his team appeared in the first episode of the classic BBC documentary series, Your Life in Their Hands, in which he performed an operation to repair a hole in the heart. Three years later Bentall was appointed the first Professor of Cardiac Surgery in Britain, at the Royal Postgraduate Medical School.